Vatican Conference of Worldwide Mayors
Overwhelmingly Backs Climate Change Science.
Pope Francis and mayors from cities across the globe this week signed a common declaration of intent to combat environmental damage and human trafficking.
The signing of the document followed a meeting Tuesday afternoon in the Vatican between the Pope and the mayors participating in a two-day workshop entitled: “Modern Slavery and Climate Change: The Commitment of the Cities.” (Diane Montagna, July 23, 2015)
The workshop was organized by Bishop Marcelo Sanchez Sorondo, Chancellor of the Pontifical Academies of Sciences and Social Sciences. It brought together United Nations representatives and mayors from around the world, including 10 US mayors, and was moderated by Jeffrey D. Sachs, director of the Earth Institute at Columbia University. Sachs is a noted advocate of population control who operates at the highest levels of the United Nations. A member of Sachs’ institute told Aleteia on Wednesday he is also an advisor to Barack Obama on matters concerning Africa, and meets with him often.
Many find Sachs’ growing influence at the Vatican troubling. Yet others view Pope Francis’ efforts to bring together such divergent views as indicative of his desire to reach all minds and hearts.
Equally troubling to some is the firm line the common declaration takes on climate change. It emphatically states: “Human-induced climate change is a scientific reality.”
This appears to contradict statements in Laudato si’ , that the Church is not fully backing the science. The encyclical, which has a chapter dedicated to the “human roots of the ecological crisis,” clearly accepts the science of anthropogenic climate change — the first such papal document to so overtly endorse the science. But at the same time, it says the Church has “no reason to offer a definitive opinion,” knowing that “honest debate must be encouraged among experts, while respecting divergent views” (n. 61).
Before signing the declaration, Pope Francis addressed participants in the Vatican’s Synod Hall. In unscripted remarks delivered in Spanish, the Pope emphasized that “being green” is “much more than an attitude.” “Caring for the environment involves an attitude of human ecology,” he said. “In other words, we cannot say that the person is here and creation and the environment are there. Ecology is holistic, it is human.”
The Pope said this is the core of his message in Encyclical Laudato si’: “That one cannot separate man from the rest; there is a relationship of mutual impact: of the environment on the person, and the person in the way he treats the environment; and also the rebound effect when the environment is abused.”
The six-chapter, 184-page document, whose subtitle is “The Care for Our Common Home,” also uses environmental concerns to provoke wider discussions on the deeper questions of human existence, as well as the need to safeguard all creation and all people, however poor, small or vulnerable.
It would be a mistake to see Laudato si’ as a ‘green’ encyclical, the Pope told mayors and United Nations representatives attending the Vatican summit. Rather, it is a social encyclical, he said. Because in society, in the social life of man, we cannot leave aside care for the environment.”
Here below we publish the full text of the common declaration signed on Tuesday.
We the undersigned have assembled at the Pontifical Academies of Sciences and Social Sciences to address two inter-connected dramatic emergencies: human-induced climate change, and social exclusion in the extreme forms of radical poverty, modern slavery and human trafficking, We join together from many cultures and walks of life, reflecting humanity’s shared yearning for prosperity, justice and environmental sustainability peace, happiness.
On the basis of the encyclical Laudato si’, we have considered the over-whelming scientific evidence regarding human-induced climate change, the loss of biodiversity, and the vulnerability of the poor to economic, social and environmental disasters.
In the face of the emergencies attributable to human-induced climate change, social exclusion, and extreme poverty, we join together to declare the following:
Human-induced climate change is a scientific reality, and its effective control is a moral imperative for humanity.
In this core moral space, cities play a very vital role. All of our cultural traditions uphold the inherent dignity and social responsibility of every individual and the related common good of all humanity. They affirm the beauty, wonder and inherent goodness of the natural world, and appreciate that it is a precious gift entrusted to our common care, making it our moral duty to steward rather than ravage the garden that is our “common home”.
In spite of having a minimal role in the disruption of the climate, the poor and excluded face dire threats from human-induced climate change, including the increased frequency of droughts, extreme storms, heat waves, and rising sea levels.
Today humanity has the technological instruments, the financial resources and the know-how to reverse climate change while also ending extreme poverty, through the application of sustainable development solutions, including the adoption of low-carbon energy systems supported by information and communications technologies.
The financing of sustainable development, including the effective control of human-induced climate change, should be bolstered through new incentives for the transition towards low-carbon and renewable energy, and through the relentless pursuit of peace, which also will enable a shift of public financing from military spending to urgent investments for sustainable development.
The world should take note that the climate summit in Paris later this year (COP21) may be the last effective opportunity to negotiate arrangements that keep human-induced warming below 2°C, and aim to stay well below 2°C for safety, yet the current trajectory may well reach a devastating 4°C or higher. Political leaders of all UN member States have a special responsibility to agree at COP21 to a bold climate agreement that confines global warming to a limit safe for humanity, while protecting the poor and the vulnerable from ongoing climate change that gravely endangers their lives. The high-income countries should help to finance the costs of climate-change mitigation in low-income countries as the high-income countries have promised to do.
Climate-change mitigation will require a rapid transformation to a world powered by renewable and other low-carbon energy and the sustainable management of ecosystems. These transformations should be carried out in the context of globally agreed Sustainable Development Goals, consistent with ending extreme poverty; ensuring universal access to healthcare, quality education, safe water, and sustainable energy; and cooperating to end human trafficking and all forms of modern slavery.
As mayors we commit ourselves to building, in our cities and urban settlements, the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reducing their exposure to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters, which foster human trafficking and dangerous forced migration.
At the same time, we commit ourselves to ending abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of modern slavery, which are crimes against humanity, including forced labor and prostitution, organ trafficking, and domestic servitude; and to developing national resettlement and reintegration programs that avoid the involuntary repatriation of trafficked persons (cf. PASS’s revision of UN Sustainable Development Goals, n. 16.2).
We want our cities and urban settlements to become ever more socially inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable (cf. UN Sustainable Development Goals, n. 11). All sectors and stakeholders must do their part, a pledge that we fully commit ourselves to in our capacities as mayors and individuals.